The Next Level Maps
Tamil Nadu has a very ancient history that goes back some 6,000 years. The state represents the nucleus of Dravidian culture which antedated the Aryan culture in India by almost a thousand years.
The legend says that the architects of the Indus Valley Civillization were Dravidians . with the coming of Aryans into North , the Dravidians appear to have been pushed into the south were they have remained confined .
Though early Sangam classics throw vague historical references only from the reign of great temple builders – Pallavas – We pass to the recorded history. During the reign of pallavas ( 4th Century A.D. ) the Dravidian culture and architecture progressed include monuments of Mamallapuram the kailasnathar tamples at Chennai . the last Pallava ruler was Aparajita in whose reign the later cholas under Vijayalaya and Aditya asserted themselves by about 10th century . At the end of the 11th century Tamil nadu was ruled by several dynasties like the chalukyas cholas and pandayas . Actually cholas ruled over Tamil Nadu for the next cenruries . the great chola kings – Raja and Rajender – conquered even sumatara , java, Lakshadweep and Sri Lanka .
The decline of the chola brought Muslims in the south India . They gradually strengthened their position which led to the establishment of the Bahamani by the middie of the 14th century .
At the same time the Vijayanagar Kingdom quickly consolidated itself and extended its sway over the whole of south India and become a supreme power. However it crumbled in the Battle of Talikota in 1564 to the confederate forces of the Deccan Sultans . The kingdom was split into several parts and given to the Nayaks to rule .
The rise of Muslim power in India has had its impact on Tamil Nadu , but by and large . Tamil nadu remained unaffected by the political convulsions in North and central India . with the establishment of the East India company at Madras in 1639 a new chapter was opened in the history of Tamil nadu .
The first trading establishment actuallty made by the British in the Madras State was at Peddapali (now Nizampatnam ) in 1611 and them at Masulipatnam . in and then at Masulipatnam . in 1639, the English were permitted to make a settlement at the place , which is now Madras and Fort St. George was founded . The portugess the Dutch and the French also established the trading centres known as “Factories” By 1801 , most of the region from northern Circars to Cape Comorin had been brought under the British Rule .
When India become free in 1947 the old madras Province comprising Tamil nadu and Andhra Pradesh and parts of Kerala continued as the state of Madras . The Telugu speaking areas . The old capital city of Madras was retained by the Madras state .Under the state Reorganization Act 1956 Madras state lost some areas to the newly formed of Kerala and some areas went over to the new Mysore State (Karnataka ) On Januare 14, 1969 Madras State changed its name to Tamil nadu . The capital citty of Madras was renamed Chennai in 1996 . .