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Uttar Pradesh

  • 2,38,566 sq km
  • 14 Nov 1834
  • Lucknow
  • 57.36%
  • 689
  • Cotton,Oilseeds
  • 16,60,52,859
  • Hindi,Urdu
  • 8911
  • 2,37,358
  • 71
Map of Uttar Pradesh
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Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh the holy land of Ganga and Yamuna is a place of never - ending history and unlimited legends. For instance the Ghats at Varanasi never fail to fascinate. Just like the tales of Rani of Jhansi , the faint echoes of striking swords at kalinjar Bundelkhand . The Triveni (confluence of three holy rivers Ganga , Yamuna and Saraswati ) at Allahbad and the culture and architecture of Avadh at Lucknow . The wonderful Taj Mahal and Mughal splendor at Agra and Fatehpur Sikri and the route to Nirvana at Sarnath . The rich and colourful history of the state goes back to Vedic times. It finds mention in Raj Veda as Brahmarishi Desa or Madhya Desa . Great sages of Vedic time Flourished here which include Bharadwaja Yajnavalkya, Vasishta Viswamitra and Valmiki etc . Many sacred book of the Aryans were also composed here during that time .

Uttar Pradesh state also features prominently in the great epics of India the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. In 6th B.C the region become a great centre of two new religions - Jainism and Buddhism. Lord Mahavira place were Buddha preached his first sermon. Later on several great centres of learning like Ayodhya, prayag, varanasi and Mathura emerged here. In medieval period Uttar Pradesh passed into the hands of Muslim rulers and a fine blend of Hindu and Islamic cultures can be witnessed here with great contributions from sage - poets like Ramananda and his disciple Kabir , Tulsidas and Birbal etc . The state also played a very significant role in the national politics in the pre and post independence ear. Uttar Pradesh the land of diverse cultures is studded with temples and monuments of all religions. It is also the heartland of Hindu the principal indigenous language of India . the state is endowed with rich natural wealth and is the largest of food grains and oilseeds in the country .

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